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split (v.)

1580s (transitive and intransitive), not found in Middle English, probably from a Low German source such as Middle Dutch splitten, from Proto-Germanic *spleitanan (source also of Danish and Frisian splitte, Old Frisian splita, German spleißen "to split"), from PIE *(s)plei- "to split, splice" (see flint).

U.S. slang meaning "leave, depart" first recorded 1954. Of couples, "to separate, to divorce" from 1942. To split the difference is suggested from 1715; to split (one's) ticket in the U.S. political sense is attested from 1842. To split hairs "make too-nice distinctions" is from 1670s (split a hair). Splitting image "exact likeness" is from 1880. To split the atom is from 1909.

split (n.)

1590s, "narrow cleft, crack, fissure," from split (v.). Meaning "piece of wood formed by splitting" is from 1610s. Meaning "an act of separation, a divorce" is from 1729. From 1861 as the name of the acrobatic feat. Meaning "a drink composed of two liquors" is from 1882; that of "sweet dish of sliced fruit with ice cream" is attested from 1920, American English. Slang meaning "share of the take" is from 1889. Meaning "a draw in a double-header" is from 1920.

split (adj.)

1640s, past-participle adjective from split (v.). Split decision is from 1946 of court rulings, 1951 in boxing. Split shift is from 1904. Split personality first attested 1899.

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Definitions of split from WordNet
1
split (n.)
extending the legs at right angles to the trunk (one in front and the other in back);
split (n.)
a bottle containing half the usual amount;
split (n.)
a promised or claimed share of loot or money;
he demanded his split before they disbanded
split (n.)
a lengthwise crack in wood;
he inserted the wedge into a split in the log
split (n.)
an opening made forcibly as by pulling apart;
Synonyms: rip / rent / snag / tear
split (n.)
a dessert of sliced fruit and ice cream covered with whipped cream and cherries and nuts;
split (n.)
(tenpin bowling) a divided formation of pins left standing after the first bowl;
he was winning until he got a split in the tenth frame
split (n.)
an increase in the number of outstanding shares of a corporation without changing the shareholders' equity;
they announced a two-for-one split of the common stock
Synonyms: stock split / split up
split (n.)
the act of rending or ripping or splitting something;
Synonyms: rent / rip
split (n.)
division of a group into opposing factions;
Synonyms: schism
2
split (v.)
separate into parts or portions;
Synonyms: divide / split up / separate / dissever / carve up
split (v.)
separate or cut with a tool, such as a sharp instrument;
Synonyms: cleave / rive
split (v.)
discontinue an association or relation; go different ways;
My friend and I split up
Synonyms: separate / part / split up / break / break up
split (v.)
go one's own way; move apart;
Synonyms: separate / part
split (v.)
come open suddenly and violently, as if from internal pressure;
Synonyms: burst / break open
3
split (adj.)
having been divided; having the unity destroyed; "Congress...gave the impression of...a confusing sum of disconnected local forces"-Samuel Lubell; "a league of disunited nations"- E.B.White;
a split group
Synonyms: disconnected / disunited / fragmented
split (adj.)
(especially of wood) cut or ripped longitudinally with the grain;
we bought split logs for the fireplace
4
Split (n.)
an old Croatian city on the Adriatic Sea;
From wordnet.princeton.edu