speech (n.)

Old English spæc "act of speaking; power of speaking; manner of speaking; statement, discourse, narrative, formal utterance; language," variant of spræc, from Proto-Germanic *sprek-, *spek- (source also of Danish sprog, Old Saxon spraca, Old Frisian spreke, Dutch spraak, Old High German sprahha, German Sprache "speech;" see speak (v.))

The spr- forms were extinct in English by 1200. Meaning "address delivered to an audience" first recorded 1580s.

And I honor the man who is willing to sink
Half his present repute for the freedom to think,
And, when he has thought, be his cause strong or weak,
Will risk t' other half for the freedom to speak,
Caring naught for what vengeance the mob has in store,
Let that mob be the upper ten thousand or lower.
[James Russell Lowell, "A Fable for Critics," 1848]

But when men have realized that time has upset many fighting faiths, they may come to believe even more than they believe the very foundations of their own conduct that the ultimate good desired is better reached by free trade in ideas — that the best test of truth is the power of the thought to get itself accepted in the competition of the market, and that truth is the only ground upon which their wishes safely can be carried out. That, at any rate, is the theory of our Constitution. It is an experiment, as all life is an experiment. ... I think that we should be eternally vigilant against attempts to check the expression of opinions that we loathe and believe to be fraught with death, unless they so imminently threaten immediate interference with the lawful and pressing purposes of the law that an immediate check is required to save the country. [Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., dissent to "Abrams v. United States," 1919]

updated on August 17, 2020

Definitions of speech from WordNet

speech (n.)
the act of delivering a formal spoken communication to an audience;
Synonyms: address
speech (n.)
(language) communication by word of mouth;
his speech was garbled
Synonyms: speech communication / spoken communication / spoken language / language / voice communication / oral communication
speech (n.)
something spoken;
he could hear them uttering merry speeches
speech (n.)
the exchange of spoken words;
they were perfectly comfortable together without speech
speech (n.)
your characteristic style or manner of expressing yourself orally;
her speech was barren of southernisms
I detected a slight accent in his speech
Synonyms: manner of speaking / delivery
speech (n.)
a lengthy rebuke;
Synonyms: lecture / talking to
speech (n.)
words making up the dialogue of a play;
the actor forgot his speech
Synonyms: actor's line / words
speech (n.)
the mental faculty or power of vocal communication;
Synonyms: language
From, not affiliated with etymonline.