Etymology
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specimen (n.)

1610s, "pattern, model," from Latin specimen "indication, mark, example, sign, evidence; that by which a thing is known, means of knowing," from specere "to look at" (from PIE root *spek- "to observe"). Meaning "single thing regarded as typical of its kind" first recorded 1650s. Compare species.

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Definitions of specimen

specimen (n.)
an example regarded as typical of its class;
specimen (n.)
a bit of tissue or blood or urine that is taken for diagnostic purposes;
they collected a urine specimen for urinalysis
From wordnet.princeton.edu