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soviet (n.)

1917, from Russian sovet "governing council," literally "council," from Old Russian suvetu "assembly," from su "with" (from *su(n)- "with, together," from PIE *ksun- "with") + vetu "counsel." The whole is a loan-translation of Greek symboulion "council of advisers." As an adjective from 1918.

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Definitions of soviet from WordNet
1
soviet (n.)
an elected governmental council in a communist country (especially one that is a member of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics);
2
Soviet (adj.)
of or relating to or characteristic of the former Soviet Union or its people;
From wordnet.princeton.edu