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sorrow (n.)

Old English sorg "grief, regret, trouble, care, pain, anxiety," from Proto-Germanic *sorg- (source also of Old Saxon sorga, Old Norse sorg, Middle Dutch sorghe, Dutch zorg, Old High German soraga, German sorge, Gothic saurga), perhaps from PIE *swergh- "to worry, be sick" (source also of Sanskrit surksati "cares for," Lithuanian sergu, sirgti "to be sick," Old Church Slavonic sraga "sickness," Old Irish serg "sickness"). Not connected etymologically with sore (adj.) or sorry.

sorrow (v.)

Old English sorgian, from sorg (see sorrow (n.)). Related: Sorrowed; sorrowing. Compare Dutch zorgen, German sorgen, Gothic saurgan.

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Definitions of sorrow
1
sorrow (n.)
an emotion of great sadness associated with loss or bereavement;
he tried to express his sorrow at her loss
sorrow (n.)
sadness associated with some wrong done or some disappointment;
he drank to drown his sorrows
Synonyms: regret / rue / ruefulness
sorrow (n.)
something that causes great unhappiness;
Synonyms: grief
sorrow (n.)
the state of being sad;
Synonyms: sadness / sorrowfulness
2
sorrow (v.)
feel grief;
Synonyms: grieve
From wordnet.princeton.edu