sop (n.)

Middle English soppe, "something soaked," from Old English sopp- "bread soaked in water, wine, milk, or some other liquid" (in soppcuppe "cup into which sops are put"), from Proto-Germanic *supp-, which is related to Old English verb suppan (see sup (v.2)) and probably reinforced by Old French soupe (see soup (n.)). The meaning "something given to appease" is from 1660s, a reference to the sops given by the Sibyl to distract Cerberus in the "Aeneid." Also "dull or foolish person" (1620s).

sop (v.)

"to soak, dip in liquid," Middle English soppen, from Old English soppian, from the source of sop (n.). Intransitive sense of "be drenched, be soaked" is from 1755. Related: Sopped; sopping.

updated on March 12, 2023