Etymology
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sonata (n.)

1690s, from Italian sonata "piece of instrumental music," literally "sounded" (i.e. "played on an instrument," as opposed to cantata "sung"), fem. past participle of sonare "to sound," from Latin sonare "to sound" (from PIE root *swen- "to sound"). The meaning narrowed by mid-18c. toward large-scale works in three or four movements.

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Definitions of sonata

sonata (n.)
a musical composition of 3 or 4 movements of contrasting forms;
From wordnet.princeton.edu