masc. proper name, Biblical name of David's son and successor as king of Judah and Israel and wisest of all men, from Greek Solomon, from Hebrew Sh'lomoh, from shelomo "peaceful," from shalom "peace." The Arabic form is Suleiman.

The common form formerly was Salomon (Vulgate, Tyndale, Douai); Solomon was used in Geneva Bible and KJV. Used allusively for "a wise ruler" since 1550s. The Solomon Islands were so named 1568 by Spanish explorers in hopeful expectation that they had found the source of the gold brought to King Solomon in I Kings ix.29.

updated on March 04, 2023