Etymology
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sod (n.1)

"turf, slice of earth with grass on it," mid-15c., apparently from Middle Dutch sode "turf," or Middle Low German sode, both related to Old Frisian satha "sod," all of uncertain origin. Perhaps the notion is water saturation and the group is related to sog. The (old) sod "Ireland" is from 1812.

sod (n.2)

term of abuse, 1818, short for sodomite (also see sodomy). British colloquial sod-all "nothing" is attested from 1958.

sod (v.1)

c. 1400, "to cover with sod," from sod (n.). Related: Sodded; sodding.

sod (v.2)

in sod off (1960), British slang term of dismissal; see sod (n.2).

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Definitions of sod
1
sod (n.)
surface layer of ground containing a mat of grass and grass roots;
Synonyms: turf / sward / greensward
sod (n.)
an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of superoxide into hydrogen peroxide and oxygen;
Synonyms: superoxide dismutase
sod (n.)
someone who engages in anal copulation (especially a male who engages in anal copulation with another male);
Synonyms: sodomite / sodomist / bugger
sod (n.)
an informal term for a youth or man;
the poor sod couldn't even buy a drink
Synonyms: guy / cat / hombre / bozo
2
sod (v.)
cover with sod;
From wordnet.princeton.edu