Etymology
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snap (n.)

late 15c., "quick, sudden bite or cut," from Dutch or Low German snappen "to snap," probably related to Middle Low German or Middle Dutch snavel "bill, beak," from West Germanic *snu-, an imitative root forming words having to do with the nose (see snout).

As an adjective from 1790. Commonly used to indicate instantaneous action, as in snap judgment (1841). Sense of "quick movement" is first recorded 1630s; that of "something easily done" is 1877. Meaning "brief or sudden spell" of weather (usually cold) is from 1740. Meaning "catch or fastener that closes with a snapping sound" is from 1815. The card game name is attested from 1881, from a call used in the game. Meaning "a snap-shot" is from 1894. U.S. football sense is from 1912, earlier snap-back (1880), which also was a name for the center position. Snap, Crackle and Pop, cartoon characters associated with Kellogg breakfast cereal Rice Krispies, are from 1940.

snap (v.)

1520s, of animals, "to make a quick bite," from snap (n.). Meaning "to break suddenly or sharply" is first recorded c. 1600; the mental sense is from 1970s. Meaning "come into place with a snap" is from 1793. Meaning "take a photograph" is from 1890. U.S. football sense first recorded 1887. Related: Snapped; snapping. To snap the fingers is from 1670s. Phrase snap out of it recorded by 1907. Snapping turtle is attested from 1784. Snap-brim (adj.) in reference to a type of hat is from 1928.

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Definitions of snap
1
snap (v.)
utter in an angry, sharp, or abrupt tone;
The sales clerk snapped a reply at the angry customer
Synonyms: snarl
snap (v.)
separate or cause to separate abruptly;
The rope snapped
Synonyms: tear / rupture / bust
snap (v.)
break suddenly and abruptly, as under tension;
The pipe snapped
Synonyms: crack
snap (v.)
move or strike with a noise;
his arm was snapped forward
Synonyms: click
snap (v.)
close with a snapping motion;
The lock snapped shut
snap (v.)
make a sharp sound;
his fingers snapped
Synonyms: crack
snap (v.)
move with a snapping sound;
bullets snapped past us
snap (v.)
to grasp hastily or eagerly;
Synonyms: snatch / snatch up
snap (v.)
put in play with a snap;
snap a football
snap (v.)
cause to make a snapping sound;
snap your fingers
Synonyms: click / flick
snap (v.)
lose control of one's emotions;
When her baby died, she snapped
Synonyms: break down / lose it
snap (v.)
bring the jaws together;
he snapped indignantly
snap (v.)
record on photographic film;
She snapped a picture of the President
Synonyms: photograph / shoot
2
snap (n.)
the act of catching an object with the hands;
the infielder's snap and throw was a single motion
Synonyms: catch / grab / snatch
snap (n.)
a spell of cold weather;
a cold snap in the middle of May
snap (n.)
tender green beans without strings that easily snap into sections;
Synonyms: snap bean
snap (n.)
a crisp round cookie flavored with ginger;
Synonyms: gingersnap / ginger snap / ginger nut
snap (n.)
the noise produced by the rapid movement of a finger from the tip to the base of the thumb on the same hand;
servants appeared at the snap of his fingers
snap (n.)
a sudden sharp noise;
he can hear the snap of a twig
Synonyms: crack / cracking
snap (n.)
a sudden breaking;
snap (n.)
the tendency of a body to return to its original shape after it has been stretched or compressed;
the waistband had lost its snap
Synonyms: elasticity
snap (n.)
an informal photograph; usually made with a small hand-held camera;
Synonyms: snapshot / shot
snap (n.)
a fastener used on clothing; fastens with a snapping sound;
children can manage snaps better than buttons
Synonyms: snap fastener / press stud
snap (n.)
any undertaking that is easy to do;
Synonyms: cinch / breeze / picnic / duck soup / child's play / pushover / walkover / piece of cake
snap (n.)
the act of snapping the fingers; movement of a finger from the tip to the base of the thumb on the same hand;
he gave his fingers a snap
snap (n.)
(American football) putting the ball in play by passing it (between the legs) to a back;
the quarterback fumbled the snap
Synonyms: centering
From wordnet.princeton.edu