Etymology
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skin (n.)

c. 1200, "animal hide" (usually dressed and tanned), from Old Norse skinn "animal hide, fur," from Proto-Germanic *skinth- (source also of Old English scinn (rare), Old High German scinten, German schinden "to flay, skin;" German dialectal schind "skin of a fruit," Flemish schinde "bark"), from PIE *sken- "to peel off, flay" (source also of Breton scant "scale of a fish," Irish scainim "I tear, I burst"), extended form of root *sek- "to cut."

Ful of fleissche Y was to fele, Now ... Me is lefte But skyn & boon. [hymn, c. 1430]

The usual Anglo-Saxon word is hide (n.1). Meaning "epidermis of a living animal or person" is attested from early 14c.; extended to fruits, vegetables, etc. late 14c. Jazz slang sense of "drum" is from 1927. Meaning "a skinhead" is from 1970. As an adjective, it formerly had a slang sense of "cheating" (1868); sense of "pornographic" is attested from 1968. Skin deep is first attested in this:

All the carnall beauty of my wife, Is but skin-deep. [Sir Thomas Overbury, "A Wife," 1613; the poem was a main motive for his murder]

The skin of one's teeth as the narrowest of margins is attested from 1550s in the Geneva Bible literal translation of the Hebrew text in Job xix.20. To get under (someone's) skin "annoy" is from 1896. Skin-graft is from 1871. Skin merchant "recruiting officer" is from 1792.

skin (v.)

late 14c., "to remove the skin from" (originally of circumcision), from skin (n.). As "to have (a particular kind of) skin" from c. 1400. In 19c. U.S. colloquial use, "to strip, fleece, plunder;" hence skin-game, one in which one player has no chance against the others (as with a stacked deck), the type of con game played in a skin-house. Skin the cat in gymnastics is from 1845. Related: Skinned; skinning.

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Definitions of skin
1
skin (n.)
a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch;
your skin is the largest organ of your body
Synonyms: tegument / cutis
skin (n.)
an outer surface (usually thin);
the skin of an airplane
skin (n.)
body covering of a living animal;
Synonyms: hide / pelt
skin (n.)
a person's skin regarded as their life;
he tried to save his skin
skin (n.)
a member of any of several British or American groups consisting predominantly of young people who shave their heads; some engage in white supremacist and anti-immigrant activities and this leads to the perception that all skinheads are racist and violent;
Synonyms: skinhead
skin (n.)
a person whose head is bald or shaved;
Synonyms: baldhead / baldpate / baldy / skinhead
skin (n.)
the rind of a fruit or vegetable;
Synonyms: peel
skin (n.)
a bag serving as a container for liquids; it is made from the hide of an animal;
2
skin (v.)
climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling;
skin (v.)
bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of;
The boy skinned his knee when he fell
Synonyms: scrape
skin (v.)
remove the bark of a tree;
Synonyms: bark
skin (v.)
strip the skin off;
Synonyms: peel / pare
From wordnet.princeton.edu