Etymology
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situation (n.)

early 15c., situacioun, "place, position, or location," from Old French situacion or directly from Medieval Latin situationem (nominative situatio) "a position, situation," noun of action from past-participle stem of situare "to place, locate," from Latin situs "a place, position" (from PIE root *tkei- "to settle, dwell, be home"). Meaning "state of affairs" is from 1710; meaning "employment post" is from 1803.

Origin and meaning of situation

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Definitions of situation

situation (n.)
the general state of things; the combination of circumstances at a given time; "eternal truths will be neither true nor eternal unless they have fresh meaning for every new social situation"- Franklin D.Roosevelt;
the present international situation is dangerous
Synonyms: state of affairs
situation (n.)
a condition or position in which you find yourself;
found herself in a very fortunate situation
the unpleasant situation (or position) of having to choose between two evils
Synonyms: position
situation (n.)
a complex or critical or unusual difficulty;
that's quite a situation
no human situation is simple
the dangerous situation developed suddenly
situation (n.)
physical position in relation to the surroundings;
Synonyms: site
situation (n.)
a job in an organization;
Synonyms: position / post / berth / office / spot / billet / place
From wordnet.princeton.edu