Etymology
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sitting (n.)

early 13c., verbal noun from sit (v.). Meaning "a meeting of a body" is from c. 1400. Meaning "interval during which one sits" (for some purpose, especially to have one's portrait taken) is from 1706. Sitting-room first recorded 1771. Slang sitting duck "easy target" first recorded 1944; literal sense is from 1867 (it is considered not sporting to shoot at one).

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Definitions of sitting
1
sitting (n.)
(photography) the act of assuming a certain position (as for a photograph or portrait);
he wanted his portrait painted but couldn't spare time for the sitting
Synonyms: posing
sitting (n.)
the act of assuming or maintaining a seated position;
he read the mystery at one sitting
sitting (n.)
a meeting of spiritualists;
Synonyms: seance / session
sitting (n.)
a session as of a legislature or court;
2
sitting (adj.)
not moving and therefore easy to attack;
a sitting target
sitting (adj.)
(of persons) having the torso erect and legs bent with the body supported on the buttocks;
Synonyms: seated
From wordnet.princeton.edu