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single (adj.)

early 14c., "unmarried," from Old French sengle, sangle "alone, unaccompanied; simple, unadorned," from Latin singulus "one, one to each, individual, separate" (usually in plural singuli "one by one"), from PIE *semgolo‑, suffixed (diminutive?) form of root *sem- (1) "one; as one, together with." Meaning "consisting of one unit, individual, unaccompanied by others" is from late 14c. Meaning "undivided" is from 1580s. Single-parent (adj.) is attested from 1966.

single (n.)

c. 1400, "unmarried person," mid-15c., "a person alone, an individual," from single (adj.). Given various technical meanings from 16c. Sports sense is attested from 1851 (cricket), 1858 (baseball). Of single things from 1640s. Meaning "one-dollar bill" is from 1936. Meaning "phonograph record with one song on each side" is from 1949. Meaning "unmarried swinger" is from 1964; singles bar attested from 1969. An earlier modern word for "unmarried or unattached person" is singleton (1937).

single (v.)

"to separate from the herd" (originally in deer-hunting, often with forth or out), 1570s, from single (adj.). Baseball sense of "to make a one-base hit" is from 1899 (from the noun meaning "one-base hit," attested from 1858). Related: Singled; singling.

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Definitions of single
1
single (adj.)
not divided among or brought to bear on more than one object or objective;
judging a contest with a single eye
a single devotion to duty
Synonyms: undivided / exclusive
single (adj.)
having uniform application;
a single legal code for all
single (adj.)
characteristic of or meant for a single person or thing;
single occupancy
a single bed
Synonyms: individual
single (adj.)
used of flowers having usually only one row or whorl of petals;
single chrysanthemums resemble daisies and may have more than one row of petals
single (adj.)
existing alone or consisting of one entity or part or aspect or individual;
a single survivor
a single lens
a single thickness
had but a single thought which was to escape
upon the hill stood a single tower
a single serving
single (adj.)
not married or related to the unmarried state;
single parenthood
are you married or single?
sex and the single girl
Synonyms: unmarried
single (adj.)
being or characteristic of a single thing or person;
Synonyms: individual
2
single (n.)
a base hit on which the batter stops safely at first base;
Synonyms: bingle
single (n.)
the smallest whole number or a numeral representing this number;
Synonyms: one / " / i / ace / unity
3
single (v.)
hit a single;
the batter singled to left field
From wordnet.princeton.edu