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silent (adj.)

c. 1500, "without speech, silent, not speaking," from Latin silentem (nominative silens) "still, calm, quiet," present participle of silere "be quiet or still" (see silence (n.)). Meaning "free from noise or sound" is from 1580s.

Of letters, c. 1600; of films, 1914. In the looser sense "of few words," from 1840. Phrase strong, silent (type) is attested from 1905. Silent majority in the political sense of "mass of people whose moderate views are not publicly expressed and thus overlooked" is first attested 1955 in a British context and was used by John F. Kennedy but is most associated in U.S. with the rhetoric of the Nixon administration (1969-74).

It is time for America's silent majority to stand up for its rights, and let us remember the American majority includes every minority. America's silent majority is bewildered by irrational protest. [Spiro T. Agnew, May 9, 1969]

In Victorian use, the phrase meant "the dead" (1874; compare Roman use of the noun plural of "silent" to mean "the dead"). Silence is golden (1831) is Carlyle's translation ["Sartor Resartus"] of part of the "Swiss Inscription" Sprechen ist silbern, Schweigen ist golden. In one 14c. text Latin "one who is silent" is translated by a beere stille.

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Definitions of silent from WordNet

silent (adj.)
marked by absence of sound;
a silent house
Synonyms: soundless / still
silent (adj.)
failing to speak or communicate etc when expected to;
the witness remained silent
Synonyms: mum
silent (adj.)
implied by or inferred from actions or statements;
gave silent consent
Synonyms: tacit / understood
silent (adj.)
not made to sound;
the silent `h' at the beginning of `honor'
Synonyms: unsounded
silent (adj.)
having a frequency below or above the range of human audibility;
a silent dog whistle
silent (adj.)
unable to speak because of hereditary deafness;
Synonyms: dumb / mute
From wordnet.princeton.edu