Etymology
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sight (n.)

Old English sihð, gesiht, gesihð "thing seen; faculty of sight; aspect; vision; apparition," from Proto-Germanic *sekh(w)- (source also of Danish sigte, Swedish sigt, Middle Dutch sicht, Dutch zicht, Old High German siht, German Sicht, Gesicht), stem that also yielded Old English seon (see see (v.)), with noun suffix -th (2), later -t.

Verily, truth is sight. Therefore if two people should come disputing, saying, 'I have seen,' 'I have heard,' we should trust the one who says 'I have seen.' [Brhadaranyaka Upanishad 5.14.4]

Meaning "perception or apprehension by means of the eyes" is from early 13c. Meaning "device on a firearm to assist in aiming" is from 1580s. A "show" of something, hence, colloquially, "a great many; a lot" (late 14c.). Sight for sore eyes "welcome visitor" is attested from 1738; sight unseen "without previous inspection" is from 1892. Sight gag first attested 1944. Middle English had sighty (late 14c.) "visible, conspicuous; bright, shining; attractive, handsome;" c. 1400 as "keen-sighted;" mid-15c. as "discerning" (compare German sichtig "visible").

sight (v.)

1550s, "look at, view, inspect," from sight (n.). From c. 1600 as "get sight of," 1842 as "take aim along the sight of a firearm." Related: Sighted; sighting.

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Definitions of sight
1
sight (n.)
an instance of visual perception;
the train was an unexpected sight
the sight of his wife brought him back to reality
sight (n.)
anything that is seen;
they went to Paris to see the sights
he was a familiar sight on the television
sight (n.)
the ability to see; the visual faculty;
Synonyms: vision / visual sense / visual modality
sight (n.)
a range of mental vision;
in his sight she could do no wrong
sight (n.)
the range of vision;
out of sight of land
Synonyms: ken
sight (n.)
the act of looking or seeing or observing;
Synonyms: view / survey
sight (n.)
(often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent;
Synonyms: batch / deal / flock / good deal / great deal / hatful / heap / lot / mass / mess / mickle / mint / mountain / muckle / passel / peck / pile / plenty / pot / quite a little / raft / slew / spate / stack / tidy sum / wad
2
sight (v.)
catch sight of; to perceive with the eyes;
he caught sight of the king's men coming over the ridge
Synonyms: spy
sight (v.)
take aim by looking through the sights of a gun (or other device);
From wordnet.princeton.edu