Etymology
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shrine (n.)

Middle English shrine "repository in which a holy object or the relics of a saint are kept," from late Old English scrin "ark (of the covenant); chest, coffer; case for relics," from Latin scrinium "case or box for keeping papers," a word of unknown origin.

A widespread Latin borrowing: compare Dutch schrijn, German Schrein, French écrin, (Old French escrin, escrien), Russian skrynya, Lithuanian skrinė. It is attested in English from late 14c. as "a tomb of a saint" (usually elaborate and large).  

updated on September 20, 2022

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Definitions of shrine from WordNet
1
shrine (v.)
enclose in a shrine;
Synonyms: enshrine
2
shrine (n.)
a place of worship hallowed by association with some sacred thing or person;
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.