Etymology
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shrill (adj.)

late 14c., schrylle "high-pitched, sharp and piercing" (in reference to voice or sound), probably related to Old English scralletan "to sound loudly" and of imitative origin (compare Low German schrell, German schrill "piercing, shrill"). Related: Shrillness.

shrill (v.)

"to sound shrilly; utter a keen, piercing, high-pitched sound," c. 1300, shrillen, imitative (see shrill (adj.)). Related: Shrilled; shrilling.

updated on September 20, 2022

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Definitions of shrill from WordNet
1
shrill (adj.)
having or emitting a high-pitched and sharp tone or tones;
a shrill whistle
a shrill gaiety
Synonyms: sharp
shrill (adj.)
being sharply insistent on being heard;
shrill criticism
Synonyms: strident
shrill (adj.)
of colors that are bright and gaudy;
a shrill turquoise
2
shrill (v.)
utter a shrill cry;
Synonyms: shriek / pipe up / pipe
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.