Old English scofl, sceofol "shovel," related to scufan (see shove (v.)), from Proto-Germanic *skublo (source also of Old Saxon skufla, Swedish skovel, Middle Low German schufle, Middle Dutch shuffel, Dutch schoffel, Old High German scuvala, German Schaufel). Shovel-ready, with reference to construction projects, is attested by 2006.
mid-15c., from shovel (n.). Related: Shoveled; shoveling. Compare German schaufeln, verb from noun.
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