Etymology
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shove (v.)

Old English scufan "push away, thrust, push with violence" (class II strong verb; past tense sceaf, past participle scoven), from Proto-Germanic *skūbanan (source also of Old Norse skufa, Old Frisian skuva, Dutch schuiven, Old High German scioban, German schieben "to push, thrust," Gothic af-skiuban), from PIE root *skeubh- "to shove" (source also of scuffle, shuffle, shovel; likely cognates outside Germanic include Lithuanian skubti "to make haste," skubinti "to hasten"). Related: Shoved; shoving.

Replaced by push in all but colloquial and nautical usage. Shove off "leave" (1844) is from boating. Shove the queer (1859) was an old expression for "to counterfeit money." Shove it had an earlier sense of "depart" before it became a rude synonym for stick it (by 1941) with implied destination.

shove (n.)

c. 1300; see shove (v.).

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Definitions of shove
1
shove (v.)
come into rough contact with while moving;
Synonyms: jostle
shove (v.)
push roughly;
the people pushed and shoved to get in line
shove (v.)
press or force;
Synonyms: thrust / stuff / squeeze
2
shove (n.)
the act of shoving (giving a push to someone or something);
he gave the door a shove
From wordnet.princeton.edu