Etymology
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short circuit (n.)

also short-circuit, 1854, in electricity, "a shunt connecting two parts of an electric current so as to carry a greater part of it," from short (adj.) + circuit (n.). As a verb, "introduce a shunt of low resistance into an electric current," from 1867; intransitive sense from 1902; in the figurative sense by 1899. Related: Short-circuited; short-circuiting.

updated on August 28, 2022

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Definitions of short circuit from WordNet

short circuit (n.)
accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference;
Synonyms: short
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.