Etymology
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short circuit (n.)

also short-circuit, 1854, in electricity, from short (adj.) + circuit (n.). As a verb, introduce a shunt of low resistance," from 1867; intransitive sense from 1902; in the figurative sense is recorded by 1899. Related: short-circuited; short-circuiting.

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Definitions of short circuit

short circuit (n.)
accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference;
Synonyms: short
From wordnet.princeton.edu