Etymology
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shogun (n.)

1610s, "hereditary commander of a Japanese army," from Japanese (sei-i-tai) shogun "(barbarian-subduing) chief" (late 12c.), sound-substitution for Chinese chiang chiin, literally "lead army."

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Definitions of shogun

shogun (n.)
a hereditary military dictator of Japan; the shoguns ruled Japan until the revolution of 1867-68;
From wordnet.princeton.edu