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shoe (n.)

Old English scoh "shoe," from Proto-Germanic *skokhaz (source also of Old Norse skor, Danish and Swedish sko, Old Frisian skoch, Old Saxon skoh, Middle Dutch scoe, Dutch schoen, Old High German scuoh, German Schuh, Gothic skoh). No known cognates outside Germanic, unless it somehow is connected with PIE root *skeu- "cover" (source also of second element in Latin ob-scurus).

Old plural form shoon lasted until 16c. Meaning "metal plate to protect a horse's hoof" is attested from late 14c. Distinction between shoe and boot (n.) is attested from c. 1400. To stand in someone's shoes "see things from his or her point of view" is attested from 1767. Old shoe as a type of something worthless is attested from late 14c.

Shoes tied to the fender of a newlywed couple's car preserves the old custom (mentioned from 1540s) of throwing an old shoe at or after someone to wish them luck. Perhaps the association is with dirtiness, on the "muck is luck" theory.

shoe (v.)

Old English scogan "to shoe," from the root of shoe (n.). In reference to horses from c. 1200. Related: Shoed; shoeing.

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Definitions of shoe
1
shoe (n.)
footwear shaped to fit the foot (below the ankle) with a flexible upper of leather or plastic and a sole and heel of heavier material;
shoe (n.)
(card games) a case from which playing cards are dealt one at a time;
shoe (n.)
U-shaped plate nailed to underside of horse's hoof;
Synonyms: horseshoe
shoe (n.)
a restraint provided when the brake linings are moved hydraulically against the brake drum to retard the wheel's rotation;
Synonyms: brake shoe / skid
2
shoe (v.)
furnish with shoes;
the children were well shoed
From wordnet.princeton.edu