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shine (v.)

Old English scinan "shed light, be radiant, be resplendent, illuminate," of persons, "be conspicuous" (class I strong verb; past tense scan, past participle scinen), from Proto-Germanic *skeinanan (source also of Old Saxon and Old High German skinan, Old Norse and Old Frisian skina, Dutch schijnen, German scheinen, Gothic skeinan "to shine, appear"), which perhaps is from a PIE root *skai- "to shine, to gleam" (source also of Old Church Slavonic sinati "to flash up, shine"). Transitive meaning "to black (boots)" is from 1610s. Related: Shined (in the shoe polish sense), otherwise shone; shining.

shine (n.)

1520s, "brightness," from shine (v.). Meaning "polish given to a pair of boots" is from 1871. Derogatory meaning "black person" is from 1908 (perhaps from glossiness of skin or, on another guess, from frequent employment as shoeshines). Phrase to take a shine to "fancy" is American English slang from 1839, perhaps from shine up to "attempt to please as a suitor." Shiner is from late 14c. as "something that shines;" sense of "black eye" first recorded 1903, American English, in East Side immigrant dialect.

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Definitions of shine
1
shine (v.)
be bright by reflecting or casting light;
Synonyms: reflect
shine (v.)
emit light; be bright, as of the sun or a light;
The sun shone bright that day
Synonyms: beam
shine (v.)
be shiny, as if wet;
Synonyms: glitter / glisten / glint / gleam
shine (v.)
be distinguished or eminent;
His talent shines
shine (v.)
be clear and obvious;
shine (v.)
have a complexion with a strong bright color, such as red or pink;
Synonyms: glow / beam / radiate
shine (v.)
throw or flash the light of (a lamp);
shine (v.)
touch or seem as if touching visually or audibly;
The sun shone on the fields
Synonyms: fall / strike
shine (v.)
experience a feeling of well-being or happiness, as from good health or an intense emotion;
Synonyms: glow / beam / radiate
shine (v.)
make (a surface) shine;
shine the silver, please
Synonyms: polish / smooth / smoothen
2
shine (n.)
the quality of being bright and sending out rays of light;
Synonyms: radiance / radiancy / effulgence / refulgence / refulgency
From wordnet.princeton.edu