Middle English shin, from Old English scinu "fore part of the leg below the knee; shinbone," from Proto-Germanic *skino "thin piece" (source also of Dutch scheen, Middle Low German schene, Old High German scina "shin," German Schienbein "shin, shinbones"), from PIE root *skei- "to cut, split." Shinbone, shin-bone is Old English scinban. Shin splints is attested by that name from 1930.
"to climb by using arms and legs, use the shins in climbing" (originally a nautical word), 1829, from shin (n.). Related: Shinned; shinning.
updated on September 10, 2022