Etymology
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shaman (n.)

1690s, "priest of the Ural-Altaic peoples of northern Asia," probably via German Schamane, from Russian sha'man, from Tungus saman, which, according to OED is perhaps from Chinese sha men "Buddhist monk," from Prakrit samaya-, from Sanskrit sramana-s "Buddhist ascetic." Extended to "similar personages in other parts" (OED), especially native Americans. Related: Shamanic.

updated on August 03, 2022

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Definitions of shaman from WordNet

shaman (n.)
in societies practicing shamanism: one acting as a medium between the visible and spirit worlds; practices sorcery for healing or divination;
Synonyms: priest-doctor
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.