Etymology
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shake (v.)

Old English sceacan "move (something) quickly to and fro, brandish; move the body or a part of it rapidly back and forth;" also "go, glide, hasten, flee, depart" (related to sceacdom "flight"); of persons or parts of the body, "to tremble" especially from fever, cold, fear" (class VI strong verb; past tense scoc, past participle scacen), from Proto-Germanic *skakanan (source also of Old Norse, Swedish skaka, Danish skage "to shift, turn, veer"). No certain cognates outside Germanic, but some suggest a possible connection to Sanskrit khaj "to agitate, churn, stir about," Old Church Slavonic skoku "a leap, bound," Welsh ysgogi "move."

Of the earth in earthquakes, c. 1300. Meaning "seize and shake (someone or something else)" is from early 14c. In reference to mixing ingredients, etc., by shaking a container from late 14c. Meaning "to rid oneself of by abrupt twists" is from c. 1200, also in Middle English in reference to evading responsibility, etc. Meaning "weaken, impair" is from late 14c., on notion of "make unstable."

To shake hands dates from 1530s. Shake a (loose) leg "hurry up" first recorded 1904; shake a heel (sometimes foot) was an old way to say "to dance" (1660s); to shake (one's) elbow (1620s) meant "to gamble at dice." Phrase more _____ than you can shake a stick at is attested from 1818, American English. To shake (one's) head as a sign of disapproval is recorded from c. 1300.

shake (n.)

late 14c., "charge, onrush," from shake (v.). Meaning "a hard shock" is from 1560s. From 1580s as "act of shaking;" 1660s as "irregular vibration." The hand-grip salutation so called by 1712. As a figure of instantaneous action, it is recorded from 1816. Phrase fair shake "honest deal" is attested from 1830, American English (Bartlett calls it "A New England vulgarism"). The shakes "nervous agitation" is from 1620s. Short for milk shake from 1911. Dismissive phrase no great shakes (1816, Byron) perhaps is from dicing.

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Definitions of shake
1
shake (v.)
move or cause to move back and forth;
The chemist shook the flask vigorously
Synonyms: agitate
shake (v.)
move with or as if with a tremor;
his hands shook
Synonyms: didder
shake (v.)
shake or vibrate rapidly and intensively;
Synonyms: judder
shake (v.)
move back and forth or sideways;
Synonyms: rock / sway
shake (v.)
undermine or cause to waver;
The bad news shook her hopes
my faith has been shaken
shake (v.)
stir the feelings, emotions, or peace of;
These stories shook the community
the civil war shook the country
Synonyms: stimulate / shake up / excite / stir
shake (v.)
get rid of;
I couldn't shake the car that was following me
Synonyms: shake off / throw off / escape from
shake (v.)
bring to a specified condition by or as if by shaking;
He was shaken from his dreams
shake (v.)
shake (a body part) to communicate a greeting, feeling, or cognitive state;
She shook her finger at the naughty students
Don't shake your fist at me!
The old enemies shook hands
shake one's head
2
shake (n.)
building material used as siding or roofing;
Synonyms: shingle
shake (n.)
frothy drink of milk and flavoring and sometimes fruit or ice cream;
Synonyms: milkshake / milk shake
shake (n.)
a note that alternates rapidly with another note a semitone above it;
Synonyms: trill
shake (n.)
grasping and shaking a person's hand (as to acknowledge an introduction or to agree on a contract);
Synonyms: handshake / handshaking / handclasp
shake (n.)
a reflex motion caused by cold or fear or excitement;
Synonyms: tremble / shiver
shake (n.)
causing to move repeatedly from side to side;
Synonyms: wag / waggle
From wordnet.princeton.edu