Etymology
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sforzando (adj.)

musical instruction, "with sudden energy or impulse" (especially applied to a single tone or chord made prominent), 1801, from Italian sforzando, literally "forced, pressed," present participle of sforza "to force," from Vulgar Latin *exfortiare "to show strength" (see effort).

updated on July 12, 2022

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Definitions of sforzando from WordNet

sforzando (n.)
an accented chord;
sforzando (n.)
(music) a notation written above a note and indicating that it is to be played with a strong initial attack;
Etymologies are not definitions. From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.