Etymology
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severity (n.)

late 15c. (Caxton), "austerity or strictness of life," from French severite, from Latin severitatem (nominative severitas) "seriousness, strictness, sternness," a derivative of severus "stern, strict, serious" (see severe). The meaning "strictness in dealing with others" is recorded from 1520s. OED marks severeness (1570s) as "rare."

updated on July 07, 2022

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Definitions of severity from WordNet

severity (n.)
used of the degree of something undesirable e.g. pain or weather;
Synonyms: badness / severeness
severity (n.)
something hard to endure;
Synonyms: asperity / grimness / hardship / rigor / rigour / severeness / rigorousness / rigourousness
severity (n.)
extreme plainness;
Synonyms: austereness / severeness
severity (n.)
excessive sternness;
severity of character
Synonyms: severeness / harshness / rigor / rigour / rigorousness / rigourousness / inclemency / hardness / stiffness
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.