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settle (v.)

"come to rest," Old English setlan "cause to sit, place, put," from setl "a seat" (see settle (n.)). Related: Settling. Compare German siedeln "to settle, colonize."

From c. 1300 of birds, etc., "to alight." From early 14c. as "sink down, descend; cave in." Early 15c. in reference to suspended particles in a liquid. Sense of "establish a permanent residence" first recorded 1620s; that of "decide" is 1620s. Meaning "secure title to by deed" is from 1660s.

Meaning "reconcile" (a quarrel, differences, etc.) perhaps is influenced by Middle English sahtlen "to reconcile," from Old English saht "reconciliation," from Old Norse satt "reconciliation." To settle down "become content" is from 1853; transitive sense from 1520s; as what married couples do in establishing domesticity, from 1718. To settle for "content oneself with" is from 1943.

settle (n.)

"long bench," 1550s, from Middle English setle "a seat," from Old English setl "a seat, stall; position, abode; setting of a heavenly body," related to sittan "to sit," from Proto-Germanic *setla- (source also of Middle Low German, Middle Dutch setel, Dutch zetel, German Sessel, Gothic sitls), from PIE *sedla- (source also of Latin sella "seat, chair," Old Church Slavonic sedlo "saddle," Old English sadol "saddle"), from root *sed- (1) "to sit."

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Definitions of settle
1
settle (v.)
settle into a position, usually on a surface or ground;
dust settled on the roofs
Synonyms: settle down
settle (v.)
bring to an end; settle conclusively;
Synonyms: decide / resolve / adjudicate
settle (v.)
settle conclusively; come to terms;
We finally settled the argument
Synonyms: square off / square up / determine
settle (v.)
take up residence and become established;
The immigrants settled in the Midwest
Synonyms: locate
settle (v.)
come to terms;
Synonyms: reconcile / patch up / make up / conciliate
settle (v.)
go under;
Synonyms: sink / go down / go under
settle (v.)
become settled or established and stable in one's residence or life style;
He finally settled down
Synonyms: root / take root / steady down / settle down
settle (v.)
become resolved, fixed, established, or quiet;
Her mood settled into lethargy
The roar settled to a thunder
A cough settled in her chest
The wind settled in the West
settle (v.)
establish or develop as a residence;
He settled the farm 200 years ago
This land was settled by Germans
settle (v.)
come to rest;
settle (v.)
arrange or fix in the desired order;
She settled the teacart
settle (v.)
accept despite lack of complete satisfaction;
We settled for a lower price
settle (v.)
end a legal dispute by arriving at a settlement;
The two parties finally settled
settle (v.)
dispose of; make a financial settlement;
settle (v.)
become clear by the sinking of particles;
the liquid gradually settled
settle (v.)
cause to become clear by forming a sediment (of liquids);
settle (v.)
sink down or precipitate;
Synonyms: subside
settle (v.)
fix firmly;
Synonyms: ensconce
settle (v.)
get one's revenge for a wrong or an injury;
I finally settled with my old enemy
Synonyms: get back
settle (v.)
make final; put the last touches on; put into final form;
Synonyms: finalize / finalise / nail down
settle (v.)
form a community;
The Swedes settled in Minnesota
settle (v.)
come as if by falling;
Synonyms: fall / descend
2
settle (n.)
a long wooden bench with a back;
Synonyms: settee
From wordnet.princeton.edu