Etymology
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series (n.)

1610s, "a number or set of things of one kind arranged in a line," from Latin series "row, chain, series, sequence, succession," from serere "to join, link, bind together, arrange, attach, put; join in speech, discuss," from PIE root *ser- (2) "to line up."

Meaning "set of printed works published consecutively" is from 1711. Meaning "set of radio or television programs with the same characters and themes" is attested from 1949. Baseball sense "set of games on consecutive days between the same teams" is from 1862.

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Definitions of series

series (n.)
similar things placed in order or happening one after another;
they were investigating a series of bank robberies
series (n.)
a serialized set of programs;
the Masterworks concert series
a comedy series
Synonyms: serial
series (n.)
a periodical that appears at scheduled times;
Synonyms: serial / serial publication
series (n.)
(sports) several contests played successively by the same teams;
the visiting team swept the series
series (n.)
(electronics) connection of components in such a manner that current flows first through one and then through the other;
the voltage divider consisted of a series of fixed resistors
series (n.)
a group of postage stamps having a common theme or a group of coins or currency selected as a group for study or collection;
the Post Office issued a series commemorating famous American entertainers
his coin collection included the complete series of Indian-head pennies
series (n.)
(mathematics) the sum of a finite or infinite sequence of expressions;
From wordnet.princeton.edu