Etymology
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self-determination (n.)

1680s, "determination of mind; determination by one's own will or powers without external influence," from self- + determination. The political sense, action of a people in deciding its statehood and form of government," is attested by 1911, popularized 1918 by U.S. President Woodrow Wilson in reference to the settlement of World War I. The idea itself is from 19c., and Churchill compared Fichte's Selbst bestimmung. Related: Self-determined; self-determining.

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Definitions of self-determination

self-determination (n.)
government of a political unit by its own people;
Synonyms: self-government / self-rule
self-determination (n.)
determination of one's own fate or course of action without compulsion;
From wordnet.princeton.edu