Etymology
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self-control (n.)

"restraint of one's desires," 1711, from self- + control (n.). Coined by English moral philosopher Anthony Ashley-Cooper, Earl of Shaftesbury (1671-1713). Related: Self-controlled; self-controlling. He also used self-command "that equanimity which enables one in any situation to be reasonable and prudent" (1690s).

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Definitions of self-control

self-control (n.)
the act of denying yourself; controlling your impulses;
self-control (n.)
the trait of resolutely controlling your own behavior;
Synonyms: self-possession / possession / willpower / will power / self-command / self-will
From wordnet.princeton.edu