Etymology
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selection (n.)

1620s, "act of selecting, action of choosing, fact of being selected or chosen," from Latin selectionem (nominative selectio) "a choosing out, choice, selection," noun of action from past-participle stem of seligere "choose out, single out, select; separate, cull" (see select (adj.)).

The meaning "thing selected, a number of things chosen, a particular choice" is from 1805. The biological sense of "separation of those forms of life which are to survive and reproduce from those which are not" is by 1837 in reference to systematic breeding of plants and animals by humans (methodical selection), hence its extended use by Darwin (1857) in reference to the results of the impersonal agency of nature and time (natural selection). French sélection is a 19c. borrowing from English.

updated on April 16, 2022

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Definitions of selection from WordNet

selection (n.)
the act of choosing or selecting;
Synonyms: choice / option / pick
selection (n.)
an assortment of things from which a choice can be made;
the store carried a large selection of shoes
selection (n.)
the person or thing chosen or selected;
Synonyms: choice / pick
selection (n.)
a natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment;
Synonyms: survival / survival of the fittest / natural selection
selection (n.)
a passage selected from a larger work;
Synonyms: excerpt / excerption / extract
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.