Etymology
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segregate (v.)

1540s, from Latin segregatus, past participle of segregare "set apart, lay aside; isolate; divide," literally "separate from the flock," from *se gregare, from se "apart from" (see secret (n.)) + grege, ablative of grex "herd, flock" (from PIE root *ger- "to gather").

Originally often with reference to the religious notion of separating the flock of the godly from sinners. In modern social context, "to force or enforce racial separation and exclusion," 1908. Related: Segregated; segregating.

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Definitions of segregate
1
segregate (v.)
separate by race or religion; practice a policy of racial segregation;
This neighborhood is segregated
We don't segregate in this county
segregate (v.)
divide from the main body or mass and collect;
Many towns segregated into new counties
Experiments show clearly that genes segregate
segregate (v.)
separate or isolate (one thing) from another and place in a group apart from others;
the sun segregates the carbon
large mining claims are segregated into smaller claims
2
segregate (n.)
someone who is or has been segregated;
From wordnet.princeton.edu