Etymology
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see (v.)

Old English seon "to see, look, behold; observe, perceive, understand; experience, visit, inspect" (contracted class V strong verb; past tense seah, past participle sewen), from Proto-Germanic *sehwanan (source also of Old Saxon, Old High German sehan, Middle High German, German sehen, Old Frisian sia, Middle Dutch sien, Old Norse sja, Gothic saihwan), from PIE root *sekw- (2) "to see," which is probably identical with *sekw- (1) "to follow" (see sequel), a root which produced words for "say" in Greek and Latin, and also words for "follow" (such as Latin sequor), but "opinions differ in regard to the semantic starting-point and sequences" [Buck]. Thus see might originally mean "follow with the eyes."

Used in Middle English to mean "behold in the imagination or in a dream" (c. 1200), "to recognize the force of (a demonstration)," also c. 1200. Sense of "escort" (as in to see (someone) home) first recorded 1607 in Shakespeare. Meaning "to receive as a visitor" is attested from c. 1500. Gambling sense of "equal a bet" is from 1590s. See you as a casual farewell first attested 1891. Let me see as a pausing statement is recorded from 1510s.

see (n.)

c. 1300, "throne of a bishop, archbishop, or pope," also "throne of a monarch, a goddess, Antichrist, etc.," from Old French sie "seat, throne; town, capital; episcopal see," from Latin sedem (nominative sedes) "seat, throne, abode, temple," related to sedere "to sit," from PIE root *sed- (1) "to sit." Early 14c. as "administrative center of a bishopric;" c. 1400 as "province under the jurisdiction of a bishop."

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Definitions of see
1
see (v.)
perceive by sight or have the power to perceive by sight;
Can you see the bird in that tree?
You have to be a good observer to see all the details
He is blind--he cannot see
see (v.)
perceive (an idea or situation) mentally;
Now I see!
I just can't see your point
Synonyms: understand / realize / realise
see (v.)
perceive or be contemporaneous with;
I want to see results
The 1960's saw the rebellion of the younger generation against established traditions
You'll see a lot of cheating in this school
Synonyms: witness / find
see (v.)
imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind;
I can see a risk in this strategy
I can't see him on horseback!
I can see what will happen
see (v.)
deem to be;
I don't see the situation quite as negatively as you do
Synonyms: consider / reckon / view / regard
see (v.)
get to know or become aware of, usually accidentally;
I see that you have been promoted
Synonyms: learn / hear / get word / get wind / pick up / find out / get a line / discover
see (v.)
see or watch;
This program will be seen all over the world
see a movie
Synonyms: watch / view / catch / take in
see (v.)
come together;
How nice to see you again!
I'll probably see you at the meeting
Synonyms: meet / run into / encounter / run across / come across
see (v.)
find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort;
I want to see whether she speaks French
Synonyms: determine / check / find out / ascertain / watch / learn
see (v.)
be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something;
Synonyms: check / insure / see to it / ensure / control / ascertain / assure
see (v.)
go to see for professional or business reasons;
You should see a lawyer
We had to see a psychiatrist
see (v.)
go to see for a social visit;
I went to see my friend Mary the other day
see (v.)
go to see a place, as for entertainment;
We went to see the Eiffel Tower in the morning
Synonyms: visit
see (v.)
take charge of or deal with;
Could you see about lunch?
Synonyms: attend / take care / look
see (v.)
receive as a specified guest;
The minister doesn't see anybody before noon
the doctor will see you now
see (v.)
date regularly; have a steady relationship with;
Did you know that she is seeing an older man?
Synonyms: go steady / go out / date
see (v.)
see and understand, have a good eye;
The artist must first learn to see
see (v.)
deliberate or decide;
let's see--which movie should we see tonight?
see (v.)
observe as if with an eye;
The camera saw the burglary and recorded it
see (v.)
observe, check out, and look over carefully or inspect;
I must see your passport before you can enter the country
Synonyms: examine
see (v.)
undergo or live through a difficult experience;
he saw action in Viet Nam
Synonyms: experience / go through
see (v.)
accompany or escort;
I'll see you to the door
Synonyms: escort
see (v.)
match or meet;
I saw the bet of one of my fellow players
see (v.)
make sense of; assign a meaning to;
What message do you see in this letter?
Synonyms: interpret / construe
2
see (n.)
the seat within a bishop's diocese where his cathedral is located;
From wordnet.princeton.edu