Etymology
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scurvy (n.)

debilitating disease that affects the skin, 1560s, noun use of adjective scurvy "covered with scabs, diseased with scurvy, scorbutic" (early 15c.), a variant of scurfy. By 1560s the adjective also could mean "vile, low, mean, vulgar." Related: Scurvied.

It took on the narrower meaning of Dutch scheurbuik, French scorbut "scurvy," in reference to the disease characterized by swollen and bleeding gums, prostration, etc., perhaps from Old Norse skyrbjugr, which is perhaps literally "a swelling (bjugr) from drinking sour milk (skyr) on long sea voyages;" but OED has alternative etymology of Middle Dutch or Middle Low German origin, as "disease that lacerates the belly," from schoren "to lacerate" + Middle Low German buk, Dutch buik "belly."

updated on March 13, 2022

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Definitions of scurvy from WordNet
1
scurvy (n.)
a condition caused by deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C);
Synonyms: scorbutus
2
scurvy (adj.)
of the most contemptible kind;
a scurvy trick
Synonyms: abject / low / low-down / miserable / scummy
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.