Etymology
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sculpture (n.)

late 14c., from Latin sculptura "sculpture," from past participle stem of sculpere "to carve, engrave," back-formation from compounds such as exculpere, from scalpere "to carve, cut," from PIE root *skel- (1) "to cut."

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Definitions of sculpture
1
sculpture (v.)
create by shaping stone or wood or any other hard material;
Synonyms: sculpt
sculpture (v.)
shape (a material like stone or wood) by whittling away at it;
Synonyms: sculpt / grave
2
sculpture (n.)
a three-dimensional work of plastic art;
sculpture (n.)
creating figures or designs in three dimensions;
Synonyms: carving
From wordnet.princeton.edu