Etymology
Advertisement

scrofula (n.)

disorder that primarily affects the lymph glands, c. 1400 (Lanfranc), scrophula, from Medieval Latin scrofulæ (plural) "swelling of the glands of the neck," literally "little pigs," from Latin scrofa "breeding sow" (see screw (n.)). The connection may be because the glands associated with the disease resemble the body of a sow or some part of it, or because pigs were thought to be prone to it. Compare Greek khoirades (plural) "scrofula," related to khoiros "young pig." Old English had the word as scrofell.

Advertisement
Advertisement
Definitions of scrofula

scrofula (n.)
a form of tuberculosis characterized by swellings of the lymphatic glands;
Synonyms: struma / king's evil
From wordnet.princeton.edu