Etymology
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screen (n.)

mid-14c., screne, "upright piece of furniture providing protection from heat of a fire, drafts, etc.," probably from a shortened (Anglo-French? compare Anglo-Latin screna) variant of Old North French escren, Old French escran "fire-screen, tester of a bed" (early 14c.). This is of uncertain origin, though probably from a Germanic source, perhaps from Middle Dutch scherm "screen, cover, shield," or Frankish *skrank "barrier," from Proto-Germanic *skirmjanan(source also of Old High German skirm, skerm "protection," Old Frisian skirma "protect, defend;" from PIE root *sker- (1) "to cut").

The sense of "anything interposed to conceal from view" is by c. 1600. The meaning "net-wire frame used in windows and doors" is recorded from 1859. Meaning "flat vertical surface for reception of projected images" is from 1810, originally in reference to magic lantern shows; later of movies. Transferred sense of "cinema world collectively" is attested from 1914; hence screen test "filmed test of performing abilities" (1918), etc.

The meaning "small fluorescent display on a TV set" is by 1946, extended to the display on a computer monitor by 1970, hence the monitor itself. The computer screen saver is attested by 1990. The meaning "window of an automobile" is by 1904. As a type of maneuver in sports, by 1934 (U.S. football, screen-pass). Screen printing recorded from 1918. Screen-door is from 1840. Screen-time "time spent watching a computer or television screen" is by 1999.

screen (v.)

"to shield from punishment, protect from inconvenience or danger; to conceal," late 15c., from screen (n.). Meaning "sift by passing through a screen" is by 1660s; the meaning "examine systematically for suitability" is from 1943, a word from World War II. The sense of "release a movie" is from 1915. The U.S. sporting sense is by 1922. Related: Screened; screening.

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Definitions of screen
1
screen (n.)
a white or silvered surface where pictures can be projected for viewing;
Synonyms: silver screen / projection screen
screen (n.)
a protective covering that keeps things out or hinders sight;
Synonyms: blind
screen (n.)
the display that is electronically created on the surface of the large end of a cathode-ray tube;
Synonyms: CRT screen
screen (n.)
a covering that serves to conceal or shelter something;
a screen of trees afforded privacy
Synonyms: cover / covert / concealment
screen (n.)
a protective covering consisting of netting; can be mounted in a frame;
they put screens in the windows for protection against insects
a metal screen protected the observers
screen (n.)
the personnel of the film industry;
a star of stage and screen
Synonyms: filmdom / screenland
screen (n.)
a strainer for separating lumps from powdered material or grading particles;
Synonyms: sieve
screen (n.)
partition consisting of a decorative frame or panel that serves to divide a space;
2
screen (v.)
test or examine for the presence of disease or infection;
screen the blood for the HIV virus
Synonyms: test
screen (v.)
examine methodically;
screen the suitcases
screen (v.)
examine in order to test suitability;
screen the job applicants
screen these samples
Synonyms: screen out / sieve / sort
screen (v.)
project onto a screen for viewing;
screen a film
screen (v.)
prevent from entering;
Synonyms: block out
screen (v.)
separate with a riddle, as grain from chaff;
Synonyms: riddle
screen (v.)
protect, hide, or conceal from danger or harm;
Synonyms: shield
From wordnet.princeton.edu