Etymology
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school (n.1)

[place of instruction] Middle English scole, from Old English scol, "institution for instruction," from Latin schola "meeting place for teachers and students, place of instruction;" also "learned conversation, debate; lecture; disciples of a teacher, body of followers, sect," also in the older Greek sense of "intermission of work, leisure for learning."

This is from Greek skholē "spare time, leisure, rest, ease; idleness; that in which leisure is employed; learned discussion;" also "a place for lectures, school;" originally "a holding back, a keeping clear," from skhein "to get" (from PIE root *segh- "to hold") + -olē by analogy with bolē "a throw," stolē "outfit," etc.

The basic sense of the Greek word is "leisure," which passed to "otiose discussion" (in Athens or Rome, the favorite or proper use of free time), then it came to be used for the place for such discussion.

The Latin word was widely borrowed (in addition to Old French escole, French école, Spanish escuela, Italian scuola; Old High German scuola, German Schule, Swedish skola, Gaelic sgiol, Welsh ysgol, Russian shkola).

The meaning "students attending a school" in English is attested from c. 1300; the sense of "school building" is by 1590s. Sense of "people united by a general similarity of principles and methods" is from 1610s; hence school of thought (by 1848). As an adjective by mid-18c., "pertaining to or relating to a school or to education."

School of hard knocks "rough experience in life" is by 1870; to tell tales out of school "betray damaging secrets" is from 1540s. School-bus is from 1908. School days is from 1590s. School board "local committee of education" is by 1836; school district "division of a town or city for the management of schools" is by 1809.

Origin and meaning of school

school (n.2)

[large number of fish] late 14c., scole, from Middle Dutch schole (Dutch school) "group of fish or other animals" (porpoises, whales), which is cognate with Old English scolu "band, troop, crowd of fish," both from West Germanic *skulo- (source also of Old Saxon scola "troop, multitude," West Frisian skoal), perhaps with a literal sense of "division," and from PIE root *skel- (1) "to cut." Compare shoal (n.2)), the assibilated form of the same word. For possible sense development, compare section (n.) from Latin secare "to cut."

Origin and meaning of school

school (v.1)

"educate, instruct;" also "reprimand, discipline, reprove," mid-15c., scolen, from school (n.1). Especially "to train or discipline thoroughly and strictly," as in a school (1570s).

school (v.2)

"collect or swim in schools," as fish, 1590s, from school (n.2). Related: Schooled; schooling.

updated on February 01, 2022

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Definitions of school from WordNet
1
school (n.)
an educational institution;
the school was founded in 1900
school (n.)
a building where young people receive education;
the school was built in 1932
he walked to school every morning
Synonyms: schoolhouse
school (n.)
the process of being formally educated at a school;
what will you do when you finish school?
Synonyms: schooling
school (n.)
a body of creative artists or writers or thinkers linked by a similar style or by similar teachers;
the Venetian school of painting
school (n.)
the period of instruction in a school; the time period when school is in session;
stay after school
when the school day was done we would walk home together
he didn't miss a single day of school
Synonyms: schooltime / school day
school (n.)
an educational institution's faculty and students;
the whole school turned out for the game
the school keeps parents informed
school (n.)
a large group of fish;
a school of small glittering fish swam by
Synonyms: shoal
2
school (v.)
educate in or as if in a school;
The children are schooled at great cost to their parents in private institutions
school (v.)
teach or refine to be discriminative in taste or judgment;
She is well schooled in poetry
Synonyms: educate / train / cultivate / civilize / civilise
school (v.)
swim in or form a large group of fish;
A cluster of schooling fish was attracted to the bait
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.