schizophrenia (n.)

1912, from Modern Latin, literally "a splitting of the mind," from German Schizophrenie, coined in 1910 by Swiss psychiatrist Eugen Bleuler (1857-1939), from Greek skhizein "to split" (from PIE root *skei- "to cut, split") + phren (genitive phrenos) "heart, mind" (hence phrenes "wits, sanity"); see phreno-.