Etymology
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scheme (n.)

1550s, "figure of speech" (a sense now obsolete), from Medieval Latin schema "a shape, a figure, a form, appearance; figure of speech; posture in dancing," from Greek skhēma (genitive skhematos) "figure, appearance, the nature of a thing," which is related to skhein "to get," and ekhein "to have, hold; be in a given state or condition" (from PIE root *segh- "to hold").

By 1610s as "linear representation showing relative positions pf the parts or elements of a system" (especially in astrology). The sense "program of action" is by 1640s, also "outline, draft of a book, etc."

The meaning "plan of action devised to attain some end" is by 1718, and unfavorable overtones (selfishness, deviousness) began to creep in to the word after that time. Meaning "complex unity of coordinated component elements, a connected and orderly arrangement" is from 1736. In prosody by 1838. Color scheme is by 1890 (in Milton Bradley Co.'s "Color in the School-Room"); earlier scheme of colour (by 1877).

scheme (v.)

1716, transitive, "reduce to a scheme;" 1767, "devise a scheme, plot, plan," from scheme (n.). Intransitive sense of "form plans, contrive" is by 1842. Related: Schemed; scheming.

updated on January 30, 2022

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Definitions of scheme from WordNet
1
scheme (n.)
an elaborate and systematic plan of action;
Synonyms: strategy
scheme (n.)
a statement that evades the question by cleverness or trickery;
Synonyms: dodge / dodging
scheme (n.)
a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole;
Synonyms: system
scheme (n.)
an internal representation of the world; an organization of concepts and actions that can be revised by new information about the world;
Synonyms: schema
scheme (n.)
a schematic or preliminary plan;
Synonyms: outline / schema
2
scheme (v.)
form intrigues (for) in an underhand manner;
Synonyms: intrigue / connive
scheme (v.)
devise a system or form a scheme for;
From wordnet.princeton.edu, not affiliated with etymonline.