Etymology
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scarlatina (n.)

"scarlet fever," 1803, from Modern Latin scarlatina (Sydenham, 1676), from Italian scarlattina (Lancelotti, 1527), fem. of scarlattino (adj.), diminutive of scarlatto "scarlet" (see scarlet). According to OED, often "misapprehended" as meaning a milder form of the disease. Related: Scarlattinal.

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Definitions of scarlatina

scarlatina (n.)
an acute communicable disease (usually in children) characterized by fever and a red rash;
Synonyms: scarlet fever
From wordnet.princeton.edu