Etymology
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scalpel (n.)

"small, light surgical knife held like a pen," 1742, from Latin scalpellum "a surgical knife," diminutive of scalprum "knife, chisel, tool for scraping or cutting," from scalpere "to carve, cut," which is related to sculpere "to carve" (from PIE root *skel- (1) "to cut").

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Definitions of scalpel

scalpel (n.)
a thin straight surgical knife used in dissection and surgery;
From wordnet.princeton.edu