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saffron (n.)

c. 1200, from Old French safran (12c.), from Medieval Latin safranum (cognate with Italian zafferano, Spanish azafran), ultimately from Arabic az-za'faran, which is of unknown origin. As a color word and an adjective, late 14c. German Safran is from French; Russian shafran' is from Arabic.

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Definitions of saffron from WordNet

saffron (n.)
Old World crocus having purple or white flowers with aromatic pungent orange stigmas used in flavoring food;
Synonyms: saffron crocus / Crocus sativus
saffron (n.)
dried pungent stigmas of the Old World saffron crocus;
saffron (n.)
a shade of yellow tinged with orange;
Synonyms: orange yellow
From wordnet.princeton.edu