Etymology
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Ruth

fem. proper name, biblical ancestor of David, from Hebrew Ruth, probably a contraction of reuth "companion, friend, fellow woman." The Old Testament book tells her story.

ruth (n.)

c. 1200, perhaps late Old English, ruthe, "misery, sorrow, grief;" also "pity, compassion, sorrow for the misery of another" (often in have ruth, take ruth); also "remorse, repentance, regret;" from Old Norse hryggð "ruth, sorrow," from hryggr "sorrowful, grieved" (see rue (v.)) + Proto-Germanic abstract noun suffix *-itho (see -th (2)).

Or else formed in English from reuwen "to rue" on the model of true/truth, etc. The Old English word was rue (n.2).

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Definitions of Ruth
1
ruth (n.)
a feeling of sympathy and sorrow for the misfortunes of others;
Synonyms: commiseration / pity / pathos
2
Ruth (n.)
United States professional baseball player famous for hitting home runs (1895-1948);
Synonyms: Babe Ruth / George Herman Ruth / Sultan of Swat
Ruth (n.)
the great-grandmother of king David whose story is told in the Book of Ruth in the Old Testament;
Ruth (n.)
a book of the Old Testament that tells the story of Ruth who was not an Israelite but who married an Israelite and who stayed with her mother-in-law Naomi after her husband died;
Synonyms: Book of Ruth
From wordnet.princeton.edu