Words related to rustic

rural (adj.)

early 15c., of persons, "living in the countryside," from Old French rural (14c.), from Latin ruralis "of the countryside," from rus (genitive ruris) "open land, country" (from PIE *reue- (1) "to open; space;" see room (n.)).

In early examples there is usually little or no difference between the meanings of rural and rustic, but in later use the tendency is to employ rural when the idea of locality (country scenes, etc.) is prominent, and rustic when there is a suggestion of the more primitive qualities or manners naturally attaching to country life. [OED]

By 1510s as "characteristic of country life generally, rustic. Extended senses in 15c. included "lowly, unlearned, uncouth, unpretentious, unpolished;" the overal sense of "characteristic of the country, as opposed to the town," is by 1580s.

As a noun, "a country person, a peasant" mid-15c. Related: Rurally; ruralism; rurality. Wordsworth uses ruralize "give a rural character to," but ruralization was used from 1859, of persons, in the sense of "a going into the country."

roister (v.)

"bluster, swagger, be bold, noisy, vaunting, or turbulent," 1580s, from an obsolete noun roister "noisy, uncontrollable bully" (1550s, displaced or lost when roisterer began to be used, by 1745; Johnson still has roister as the main form of the noun), from French ruistre "ruffian," from Old French ruiste "boorish, gross, uncouth," from Latin rusticus "rough, coarse, awkward," literally "of the country" (see rustic (adj.)). Ralph Royster-Doyster is the title and lead character of what is or was sometimes called the first English comedy (Nicholas Udall, 1555). Related: Roistered; roistering; riosterous; roisterously.

rusticate (v.)

1650s, "to go or retire into the country, live a country life," from Latin rusticatus, past participle of rusticarti "to live in the country," from rusticus (see rustic). In English university slang 18c.-19c., transitive, "to suspend (a student) from studies for a time and send away as punishment." Related: Rusticated; rusticating.

rustication (n.)

1620s, "action of retiring to or living in the country," from Latin rusticationem (nominative rusticatio) "act or fact of living in the country," noun of action from past-participle stem of rusticari "live or stay in the country," from rusticus (see rustic).

rusticity (n.)

1530s, "lack of breeding or refinement, awkwardness," from French rusticite (15c.), from Latin rusticitatem (nominative rusticitas) "country life," from rusticus (see rustic (adj.)). By 1630s as "rural life, quality, or character; anything betokening a rustic life or origin."