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ruin (n.)

late Old English, "act of giving way and falling down" (a sense now obsolete), from Latin ruina "a collapse, a rushing down, a tumbling down" (source also of Old French ruine "a collapse," Spanish ruina, Italian rovina), which is a derivative of ruere "to rush, fall violently, collapse" (from PIE *reue- (2) "to smash, knock down, tear out, dig up;" see rough (adj.)).

The sense of "descent from a state of prosperity, degradation, downfall or decay of a person or society" is from late 14c. The general meaning "violent or complete destruction" (of anything), "a profound change so as to unfit a thing for use" (of one's principles, one's shirt, etc.) is by 1670s; the sense of "that which causes destruction or downfall" is from early 15c. The meaning "dishonor," of a woman, is from 1620s. Ruins "remains of a decayed building or town" is from mid-15c.; the same sense was in the Latin plural noun.

ruin (v.)

1580s, "reduce (a place) to ruin," transitive, from ruin (n.) or from French ruiner (14c.). From 1610s as "inflict disaster upon" (someone). The meaning "bring to ruin, damage essentially and irreparably" is by 1650s. The intransitive sense of "fall into ruin" is from c. 1600, now rare or obsolete. The financial sense of "reduce to poverty, wreck the finances of" is attested from 1650s. Related: Ruined; ruining.

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Definitions of ruin from WordNet
1
ruin (v.)
destroy completely; damage irreparably;
The tears ruined her make-up
You have ruined my car by pouring sugar in the tank!
Synonyms: destroy
ruin (v.)
destroy or cause to fail;
This behavior will ruin your chances of winning the election
ruin (v.)
reduce to bankruptcy;
Synonyms: bankrupt / break / smash
ruin (v.)
reduce to ruins;
The country lay ruined after the war
ruin (v.)
deprive of virginity;
Synonyms: deflower
ruin (v.)
fall into ruin;
2
ruin (n.)
destruction achieved by causing something to be wrecked or ruined;
Synonyms: laying waste / ruining / ruination / wrecking
ruin (n.)
an irrecoverable state of devastation and destruction;
you have brought ruin on this entire family
Synonyms: ruination
ruin (n.)
a ruined building;
they explored several Roman ruins
ruin (n.)
the process of becoming dilapidated;
Synonyms: dilapidation
ruin (n.)
an event that results in destruction;
Synonyms: ruination
ruin (n.)
failure that results in a loss of position or reputation;
Synonyms: downfall / ruination
From wordnet.princeton.edu